Jump to Navigation

Air Embolism - A Rare But Lethal Event

Photo of Armand Leone

Air embolism is a rare but potentially lethal adverse event caused by certain medical and surgical procedures. It is considered a preventable event that can cause catastrophic injury, is a serious reportable event and costs related to its treatment are not paid by Medicare and Medicaid. The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Authority, did a 7 year review and found 74 air embolism inijuries. The majority of these air embolism injuries resulted from central venous catheters and access devices. The ubiquitous use of central venous catheters when combined with the high mortality rate associated with air embolus requires that hospitals pay special attention to the processes and procedures for their use.

Air embolism occurs when there is a direct connection between a source of air and the blood stream and there is a pressure gradient that allows air to flow into the vascular system. Air can enter when active injection pushes it into the blood or can be passive when the pressure of the venous system is less than the pressure in the intravenous tubing system. Except in cases of trauma and decompression syndrome, most cases occur as a result of medical procedures. Surgical procedures performed in the upright position are particularly prone to create situations where air enters the blood stream. Other causes are intravascular catheterization, radiological procedures especially when an automatic contrast injector is used and positive pressure ventilation.

The resultant injury depends on the amount of air, the rate of entry and whether the air is introduced into the venous or the arterial system. The body can generally tolerate small amounts of air when introduced into the venous system at a slow rate, but large volumes of air into the venous system create a pulmonary embolus that causes circulatory collapse and death. Small amounts of air introduced into the arterial system are generally not tolerated without tissue death including stroke when air bubbles lodge in end arterioles. A detailed review of the medical record is required when a suspected air embolism injury occurs, and lessons need to be learned to prevent what should be a preventable event from happening again.

No Comments

Leave a comment
Comment Information

Bold labels are required.

Contact Information

The use of the Internet or this form for communication with the firm or any individual member of the firm does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Confidential or time-sensitive information should not be sent through this form.


Privacy Policy

"The mission of Britcher Leone, LLC is to unite the professional disciplines of medicine and law to help the victims of physicians' malpractice and serious personal injury restore their future and the future of their families." RSS FindLaw Network
Verdicts & Settlements
  • $1,237,004 Verdict for Failure to Properly Treat
  • $42 Million Dollar Vaccine Injury Structured Settlement
  • $5.7 Million Obstetrical Malpractice Structured Settlement
  • $3.8 Million Present Value Pediatric Urological Surgery Settlement
  • $3.38 Million Gross Medical Malpractice Verdict
  • $1.65 Million Present Value Spinal Surgery Settlement
  • $5.2 Million Obstetrical Malpractice Structured Settlement
  • $40 Million Vaccine Structured Award
  • $19 Million Vaccine Structured Award
  • $2.5 Million Failure to Timely Diagnose Breast Cancer Verdict
  • $16 Million Obstetrical Malpractice Structured Settlement
  • $13.6 Million Obstetrical Malpractice Structured Settlement
  • $3.5 Million Resort Negligence Settlement
  • $60 Million Flu Vaccine Structured Settlement
  • $2 Million Wrongful Birth/Wrongful Life Settlement
  • $3.5 Million Present Value Wrongful Death Settlement
  • $1.59 Million Medical Malpractice Judgment
  • $800,000 Recovery Failure to Treat Eye Infection and Vision Loss
  • $1.35 Million Wrongful Death Settlement
  • $1.2 Million Failure to Provide Adequate Security Settlement
  • $850,000 Settlement for Brachial Plexus/Shoulder Dystocia Injury
  • $1 Million Podiatric Malpractice Judgment
  • $863,000 Orthopedic Malpractice Judgment
  • $850,000 Radiology Malpractice Settlement
  • $800,000 Cardiology Malpractice/Wrongful Death Settlement
View All Verdicts
Google+ LinkedIn Uniting Medicine & Law | Rebuilding Your Future