CT Lung Cancer Screening Guidelines could detect 54,900 more lung cancer cases during a 5 year period if covered by Medicare. Most cancers would be diagnosed at an earlier more treatable stage. In fact, the number of early stage cancer diagnoses would double from 15% to 33%, while the number of patients diagnosed with advanced cancers would decrease from 57% to 40%. Seventeen percent (17%) fewer patients died from lung cancer in the screening group compared with the non-screening group. Medscape Medical News reported that Joshua A. Roth, PhD, MHA told attendees at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology of these cost estimates. However, Medicare has yet to decide whether or not to cover the new screening guidelines from the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)
Lung cancer screening in high-risk individuals is now also recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), following other professional organizations that have recommended the same. There had been controversy as to whether or not screening by way of chest x-rays and CT scan provided a true benefit in the fight against this cancer. Based on an article in the Annals of Internal Medicine, annual screening with low-dose CT for people at high risk because of age and smoking history is now the recommended standard. High risk individuals are current and former smokers aged 55 to 80 years of age with a smoking history of 30 pack years or who have smoked in the last 15 years.